The very nature of our society means that our lifestyle has an environmental impact. Our reliance on natural resources makes sustainability vital to our survival. Through responsible environmental management and conservation, we are aiming to ensure that our ecosystem remains healthy and sustainable.
The Australian environment is relatively abundant in natural resources, including mineral, energy and land reserves. The most important mineral exports in Australia are bauxite, gold and iron ore, but there are also notable deposits of copper, lead, zinc, diamonds, and mineral sands. We are also the world's largest exporter of coal, accounting for 29% of global exports. Other forms of energy resources in Australia include natural gas and uranium. The soil in Australia, which is used to grow crops for both human consumption and to feed livestock is a major resource, as are the many rainforests throughout the country which are a key source of wood for building materials and paper.
Proactive measures to replenish resources and responsibly manage their consumption assist in making our reserves more sustainable. A key resource for humanity is water. Water-saving methods range from things that are as simple as having shorter showers and watering gardens in the coolest part of the day to the 'half flush' toilet and the use of bore water. Solar energy is an increasingly viable alternative to power with a known impact on the environment. Houses, various modes of transport, and large structures are now fitted with solar panels to generate energy and boost power sustainability. Lessening the need for energy is also a successful strategy to increase sustainability. A key development in this approach to protect of the environment is insulation. Whether it is insulation bats in the ceiling or window tinting, insulation reduces the need for the considerable levels of power consumption required for heating. Recycling is a key way to combat climate change. Through the breakdown and remanufacturing of raw materials in recycling plants, as well as repurposing and reusing items by individuals, we are reducing our carbon footprint and teaching the next generation about sustainability.